Green Certificaciones Defined

Third party certifiers are used to prevent “greenwashing.” Producers must prove they are doing what they say they are doing. Certifying agencies not only require annual reports, but regular on-site inspections.

THE BASICS

s

USTAINABLE

Aims to reduce environmental degradation by reducing use of chemicals, encouraging biodiversity and a healthy soil.

Sustainability means acting as a steward for future generations, seeing the land as a resource that must be replenished rather than overused.

More flexible in the vineyard and winery than organics or biodynamics, it denotes a less stringent approach. Chemicals can be used in a pinch. Because it takes economic sustainability into account.

More recently, the term has expanded in meaning to include social and economic impact – a holistic view that also looks at working conditions, community involvement, packaging, transportation and consumer education such as moderation campaigns.

o

RGANIC

No man-made chemicals vs. just minimizing use as with sustainability. All additives are organic, in the vineyard and at the winery (fining products, yeast, etc.). Grapes are grown organically and there are no-GMOs.

Because of differing regulations in the U.S. and EU concerning sulfites, EU wines labeled “organic” in the EU may have to state “made with organic grapes” when sold in the U.S.

In the U.S., no sulfites can be added during winemaking and the total cannot exceed 100 parts per million. In the EU, it’s 120 ppm for reds and 150 ppm for whites and rosés.

b

IODYNAMIC

Combines the methods of organic agriculture (no man-made chemicals, no pesticides) with a philosophy where the land is part of the cosmos, influenced by tides, the moon, and stars.

Activities are planned according to the phases of the moon and time of day – there are root, leaf, flower and fruit days and hours.

The emphasis is on prevention of “illness” by making vines naturally more resistant to disease. Homeopathic infusions from plants and dung compost are the “foods” used to nurture the plants. Though quite spiritual in basis, winegrowers around the world see this agricultural method as producing not only healthier soil, but fruit with thicker skins, plants with stronger wood, and earlier ripening.

ADDITIONAL CERTIFICATIONS

g

LUTEN FREE

Gluten-free certification is a process designed to protect consumers with celiac disease and other gluten-related disorders.

There are two places gluten can “enter” a wine: during fining and with the barrel. However, wheat-based fining agents are extremely rare. In barrels, a wheat-water paste is sometime used to seal the space between the barrel body and the head. The total amount of flour used is one ounce, which translates into a theoretical transfer of 5 ppm —one quarter of the allowable amount for US gluten-free certification of 20 ppm) if all the flour leached into the wine because the 60-gallon barrel was leaking.

Bottom line: nearly all wines are gluten-free, whether they have certification or not.

Gluten Free certifies the product.

k

OSHER

Kosher wine is a grape wine that is produced according to Judaism’s religious and dietary laws. In order for a wine to be kosher, it must be created under a rabbi’s immediate supervision, with only Sabbath-observant Jewish males touching the grapes from the crushing phase through the bottling.

Kosher-for-Passover wines must be made in a cellar that’s free of bread, dough, or grain products, or, perhaps most importantly, leavening agents (such as any non-kosher non-indigenous yeasts, which are often added in wineries to kickstart fermentation

v

egan

This label guarantees the wine is vegan; the wine has not come into contact with any animal products during production or bottling.

In practice, that means that fining – the act of removing proteins called “colloids” that later cause a wine to be hazy – is done not with egg whites, casein (found in milk) or isinglass, a product derived from fish bladders, but with bentonite clay carbon, limestone, kaolin clay, plant casein or silica gel.

In bottling, the bottle is not sealed with beeswax or with compound corks made using milk-based glues.

Vegan certification, in general, does not cover what happens in the vineyard – so guano, for example, can be used to fertilize.

Vegan certifies the product.

CERTIFICATION ORGANIZATIONS

Organic

Biodynamic

Sustainable

ba

ADDITIONAL CERTIFICATIONS